Materials & Technology
The principal material used is wood, and in particular the use of whole tree-trunks in the form of timber. Timber is both popular and appealing as it is a natural material, it does no harm to the environment, and the most traditional and useful of all building materials that is created by nature.
The type of tree used is native to Tver in Russia. Tver lies between Moscow and St. Petersburg and is known for its dense pine forests. The trees are cultivated in areas that are predestined as cultivation areas to be used in manufacture according to the customs and laws of the land.
The best growth occurs in the winter months. The pine trees gain bulk very slowly, resulting in a compact wood. The trees grow in a very straight orientation to a hight of tens of meters, with small branches and display very uniform growth. The resultant wood is considered the most useful in the construction of housing, and as opposed to other types of wood, is more versatile as per its particular weight, its density, its hardness, its longevity and its advanced resistance to weather.
The first stage of preparation of the timber is the felling of the trees. Following this the logs are treated using special machines, a cylindrical groove is cut along the length of the log (up to 6 meters) in the required diameter, accordingly for its planned use.
The diameter of the processed log varies between 160cm to 320 cm according to the machinery used. The logs then undergo a type of taxidermy and are then greased with a suitable preservative which also protects against certain types of insect infestation, termites and fungal growths such as the “blue stain”. The logs are then stacked and transported to the factory.
Timber houses are a relatively low weight construction type. They are 15 times lighter than conventional houses. This is why they are ideal for settling into the ground which hardly moves over time as opposed to conventional buildings.
The unique structure achieved by timber walls has the added benefits of improved insulation, better sound proofing and heat isolation.
The logs are then transported to the construction site in a waterproof casing. The order is inspected before delivery; every detail is checked down to the last millimeter. At this point the assembly can begin.